Chatsworth is a neighborhood in the northwestern San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California. Originally home to Native Americans, some of whom left a cave of rock art, Chatsworth was explored and colonized by the Spanish beginning in the 18th Century. The land was part of a Mexican land grant in the 19th Century, and after the United States took over the land following the Mexican War, it was the largest such grant in California. Settlement and development followed. Chatsworth has seven public and eight private schools. There are large open-space and smaller recreational parks as well as a public library and a transportation center. Distinctive features are the former Chatsworth Reservoir, the Santa Susana Field Laboratory and a number of private businesses.
A distinctive feature in Chatsworth is the Chatsworth Dam and reservoir. Originally built in 1918 as part of the Los Angeles Aqueduct system, the property belongs to the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Due to increasing concerns of the water quality because of algae plumes and storm water inflow, it was taken out of service in August 1969. After the 1971 San Fernando earthquake additional concerns for seismic safety led to its abandonment by the LADWP as a storage facility. Chatsworth Oaks Park and the Chatsworth Nature Preserve are located here giving views of migrating birds and other animals, and their sounds such as the coyotes calling in the evening. The views of the rocky and dramatic Simi Hills surround the open space. Chatsworth Reservoir is classified by the Los Angeles Times as a city neighborhood, but “because there are relatively few homes in this area,” the Times does not provide separate statistics for it but adds them to Chatsworth. The Devonshire and Topanga stations of the Los Angeles Police Department provide services in the area.
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